A Covenant of SaltFront Cover
A Covenant of Salt
By Martine Desjardins
Translated by Fred A. Reed & David Homel

Drawing from the history of Quebec and Irish legend, this exquisitely exotic novel explores the snares of individual and collective memory as they are used to justify and preserve ancestral grudges.


$17.95 | 160 pages | Pub. Date: 2008 | Edition # 1
5.50 W × 8.50 H × 0.45 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC019000
ISBN 13: 9780889225664 | Rights: WORLD

A Crossing of HeartsFront Cover
A Crossing of Hearts
By Michel Tremblay
Translated by Sheila Fischman

A Crossing of Hearts continues Michel Tremblay’s Desrosiers Diaspora series of novels, a family saga set in Montreal during World War I. This third novel bursts with life as Nana, the young city girl, explores the natural world – and the enchanted forest of her inner, maturing self. The novel also further develops the character of Maria so that we understand her motivations more fully, and at the same time recognize nods to the history of Quebec and the dynamics of the family under the strictures of the Catholic church.


$16.95 | 240 pages | Pub. Date: 2017
5.5 W × 8.5 H × 1.25 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC019000
ISBN 13: 9781772010114 | Rights: WORLD

A Few Words Will DoFront Cover
A Few Words Will Do
By Lionel Kearns

When one person writes “this is what happened, this is what I know,” any reader stands in for the absent “I” or “eye” of that text. This inescapable process of language, preoccupies Kearns in these brief but concentrated pieces.


$16.95 | 128 pages | Pub. Date: 2007
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.30000000000000004 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE023000
ISBN 13: 9780889225589 | Rights: WORLD

A Guide to B.C. Indian Myth and LegendFront Cover
A Guide to B.C. Indian Myth and Legend
By Ralph Maud

Boas, Teit, Hill-Tout, Barbeau, Swanton, Jenness, the luminaries of field research in British Columbia, are discussed, and their work in Indian folklore evaluated in this comprehensive survey of myth-collecting in B.C.


$19.95 | 224 pages | Pub. Date: 1982
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 1 D inches
Non-Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: SOC021000
ISBN 13: 9780889221895 | Rights: WORLD

A Line in the SandFront Cover
A Line in the Sand
By Guillermo Verdecchia

Winner 2009 MECCA Awards

Winner 2010 MECCA Award

A young Palestinian is befriended, then tortured and murdered by Canadian soldiers during Operation Desert Storm. Cast of 3 to 5 men.


$16.95 | 128 pages | Pub. Date: 1997
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.35 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889223752 | Rights: WORLD

A Matter of GravityFront Cover
A Matter of Gravity
By Hélène Vachon
Translated by Phyllis Aronoff & Howard Scott

This charming intrigue starts with an enigmatic manuscript that brings together two disparate characters. The first is an embalmer who, unable to look after the living, devotes himself to the dead. The secondis an ailing concert pianist consorting with the ghosts of his past. Their tragic encounter is brilliantly illuminated by black humor and compassion.


$18.95 | 256 pages | Pub. Date: 2014
5 W × 8.5 H × 1 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC019000
ISBN 13: 9780889228405 | Rights: WORLD

A Record of WritingFront Cover
A Record of Writing
By Roy Miki

Traces the development of Poet laureate Bowering’s many writings through four decades.


$39.95 | 404 pages | Pub. Date: 1990
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 1 D inches
Non-Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: LIT004080
ISBN 13: 9780889222632 | Rights: WORLD

A Slight Case of FatigueFront Cover
A Slight Case of Fatigue
By Stéphane Bourguignon
Translated by Phyllis Aronoff & Howard Scott

Short-listed 2009 Governor General's Award for Translation

At forty-one, Eddy is in existential crisis. While once he had an enviable life, now he’s separated from his wife, estranged from his son, and his garden’s grown wild—like the rest of his life. Written in multiple voices, with keen psychological insight, Bourguignon’s examination of relationships, past wounds and present possibilities is filled with raucous warmth and humanity—and dark humour.


$19.95 | 224 pages | Pub. Date: 2008 | Edition # 1
5.50 W × 8.50 H × 0.5 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC019000
ISBN 13: 9780889225961 | Rights: WORLD

A Taste of EmpireFront Cover
A Taste of Empire
By Jovanni Sy

Everything we eat tells a story. In A Taste of Empire, delectable samples from a real-time cooking demonstration offer food for thought about colonialism and the ethics of modern-day food systems. “Food and Wine named him Chef of the Decade. In 2016 he was inducted into the Culinary Hall of…


$16.95 | 96 pages | Pub. Date: 2017
5.5 W × 8.5 H × .75 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9781772011609 | Rights: WORLD

A Thing of BeautyFront Cover
A Thing of Beauty
By Michel Tremblay
Translated by Sheila Fischman

A coda to his great Chronicles of the Plateau Mont-Royal cycle of novels. Tremblay creates, with grace and tenderness, a fictionalized account of the death of his own mother.


$19.95 | 224 pages | Pub. Date: 1998
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 1 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC019000
ISBN 13: 9780889223905 | Rights: WORLD

ABC of Reading TRGFront Cover
ABC of Reading TRG
By Peter Jaeger
Edited by Frank Davey

Examines the writings of Steve McCaffery and bpNichol, with a special focus on their collaborative work as the Toronto Research Group (TRG).


$17.95 | 160 pages | Pub. Date: 1999
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.4 D inches
Non-Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: LIT004080
ISBN 13: 9780889224230 | Rights: WORLD

Abraham Lincoln Goes to the TheatreFront Cover
Abraham Lincoln Goes to the Theatre
By Larry Tremblay
Translated by Chantal Bilodeau

Mark Killman—a feared but much admired director—hires two actors to play Laurel and Hardy in a re-enactment of Abraham Lincoln’s assassination, while he himself plays the iconic role of the target as a wax figure. Absurd, hilarious and haunting.


$16.95 | 96 pages | Pub. Date: 2010
5.50 W × 8.50 H × 0.60000000000000009 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA001000
ISBN 13: 9780889226494 | Rights: WORLD

AdriftFront Cover
Adrift
By Marcus Youssef

In this play inspired by the novel Adrift on the Nile, by Egyptian Nobel laureate Naguib Mahfouz, a group of urban Egyptian hipsters engages in debates about secularism and “fundamentalism” with tragic consequences.” Cast of 4 women and 6 men.


$16.95 | 128 pages | Pub. Date: 2008
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.35 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889225855 | Rights: WORLD

Adventures of Ali & Ali and the aXes of EvilFront Cover
Adventures of Ali & Ali and the aXes of Evil
By Marcus Youssef & Guillermo Verdecchia & Camyar Chai

A hard-hitting and hilarious satire. Cast of 4 men.


$16.95 | 128 pages | Pub. Date: 2005
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.30000000000000004 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889225169 | Rights: WORLD

After ClassFront Cover
After Class
By George F. Walker
Introduction by Wes Berger

In two new plays, Canada‘s king of black comedy takes on the failing education system. Both Parents Night and The Bigger Issue are set in public-school classrooms after hours and involve confrontations between stressed-out teachers and ticked-off parents.


$19.95 | 176 pages | Pub. Date: 2017
5.5 W × 8.5 H × 1 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9781772011845 | Rights: WORLD

After JackFront Cover
After Jack
By Garry Thomas Morse

Not merely an homage to Jack Spicer, but also a tribute to his Orphic conception of the serial poem, After Jack is a palimpsestuous attempt to achieve the dark art of nekuia, to encourage the means of poetic transmission and to divine the polyphony of both Federico García Lorca and Jack Spicer as their voices interweave, transform and become inexorably entangled with a fresh and undeniably peculiar, disturbingly profane authorial voice.


$19.95 | 184 pages | Pub. Date: 2010
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.5 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE011000
ISBN 13: 9780889226302 | Rights: WORLD

Against The WindFront Cover
Against The Wind
By Madeleine Gagnon
Translated by Phyllis Aronoff
By Howard Scott

In spare, lucid prose, and in a style reminiscent of André Gide, Madeleine Gagnon invites the reader to experience the creation and development of an artist “in his own words” – Joseph’s gelid journal entries that are to become emphatic poetic laments – in a novel that chronicles the extreme destitution of Quebec in the years before World War Two and in abstract developing forms of artistic expression after years of uncertainty and loss.


$14.95 | 168 pages | Pub. Date: 2012
5.5 W × 8.5 H × .35 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC025000
ISBN 13: 9780889226968 | Rights: WORLD

Albertine in Five TimesFront Cover
Albertine in Five Times
By Michel Tremblay
Translated by Linda Gaboriau

Tremblay presents the powerful story of one woman, Albertine, at five different times in her life. Together, the five Albertines provide a moving portrait of an extraordinary “ordinary” woman in this Chalmers Award-winning play. Cast of 6 women.


$16.95 | 80 pages | Pub. Date: 2009 | Edition # 2
5.50 W × 8.50 H × 0.24 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889226272 | Rights: WORLD

Ali and AliFront Cover
Ali and Ali
By Caymar Chai & Guillermo Verdecchia & Marcus Youssef

In this sequel to the hilarious and hard-hitting The Adventures of Ali & Ali and the aXes of Evil, the agitprop collaborative team of Camyar Chai, Guillermo Verdecchia, and Marcus Youssef turns its idiosyncratic brand of political satire to new global realities.


$16.95 | 96 pages | Pub. Date: 2013
8.5 W × 5.5 H × .35 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889227828 | Rights: WORLD

All Fall DownFront Cover
All Fall Down
By Wendy Lill

Short-listed 1994 Governor General's Award for Drama

A play about modern day witch-hunting. Cast of 2 women and 2 men.


$16.95 | 128 pages | Pub. Date: 1994
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.45 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889223363 | Rights: WORLD

All Is FleshFront Cover
All Is Flesh
By Yannick Renaud
Translated by Hugh Hazelton

All Is Flesh collects in one volume Hugh Hazelton’s English translations of Yannick Renaud’s brilliant first two books of poems, Taxidermy and The Disappearance of Ideas, first published by Éditions Les Herbes rouges in Montreal.


$17.95 | 128 pages | Pub. Date: 2011
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.5 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE011000
ISBN 13: 9780889226722 | Rights: WORLD

All That GlittersFront Cover
All That Glitters
By Martine Desjardins
Translated by Fred A. Reed & David Homel

Short-listed 2005 Governor General's Literary Award

Haunted by the iron jealousy of their commanding officer, Dulac and Nell must risk everything to pursue their desires.


$17.95 | 160 pages | Pub. Date: 2005
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.4 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC019000
ISBN 13: 9780889225206 | Rights: WORLD

All the Verdis of VeniceFront Cover
All the Verdis of Venice
By Normand Chaurette
Translated by Linda Gaboriau

Cast of 1 woman and 4 men.


$16.95 | 112 pages | Pub. Date: 2000
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.35 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889224421 | Rights: WORLD

Almost IslandsFront Cover
Almost Islands
By Stephen Collis

Almost Islands is a powerfully introspective memoir of the author’s friendship with legendary Canadian poet Phyllis Webb – now in her nineties and long enveloped in silence – and his regular trips to see her. It is an extended meditation on literary ambition and failure, poetry and politics, choice and…


$24.95 | 256 pages | Pub. Date: 2018
5.5 W × 8.5 H × 1 D inches
Non-Fiction | Frontlist | Bisac: BIO007000
ISBN 13: 9781772012071 | Rights: WORLD

alterNativesFront Cover
alterNatives
By Drew Hayden Taylor

Native activists and environmentally concerned vegetarians are invited to a dinner party, where irreconcilable cultural differences clash over moose roast and vegetarian lasagna. Cast of 3 women and 3 men.


$18.95 | 144 pages | Pub. Date: 2000
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.5 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889224285 | Rights: WORLD

American NotebooksFront Cover
American Notebooks
By Marie-Claire Blais
Translated by Linda Gaboriau

An album of finely drawn literary portraits of writers, musicians, artists and social activists who influenced the life and work of Blais in the 1960s.


$19.95 | 208 pages | Pub. Date: 1996
6.00 W × 8.00 H × 1 D inches
Non-Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: BIO007000
ISBN 13: 9780889223585 | Rights: WORLD

Amigo's Blue GuitarFront Cover
Amigo's Blue Guitar
By Joan MacLeod

A college student’s life changes when he chooses to sponsor a Salvadoran refugee as a class project. Cast of 2 women and 3 men.


$15.95 | 96 pages | Pub. Date: 1997
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.25 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889223714 | Rights: WORLD

Amuse BoucheFront Cover
Amuse Bouche
By Adeena Karasick

Joint winner 2009 One of the Best Books of 2009 (About.com)

Mashing up the lexicon of war with post-industrial consumerism, haute cuisine, couture, language, Eros and desire, Karasick’s sixth book is at once dark and satirical, exuberant and amorously rigorous.


$19.95 | 108 pages | Pub. Date: 2009 | Edition # 1
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.25 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE011000
ISBN 13: 9780889226043 | Rights: WORLD

An English Canadian PoeticsFront Cover
An English Canadian Poetics
Edited by Robert Hogg

With an introduction by D.M.R. Bentley Essays on poetic theory written by Canadian poets from the late 19th century to 1918 that articulate the specific social, cultural and political circumstances under which their poetry was created.


$29.95 | 320 pages | Pub. Date: 2009 | Edition # 1
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.75 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE011000
ISBN 13: 9780889226135 | Rights: WORLD

An Error in JudgementFront Cover
An Error in Judgement
By Dara Culhane

An analysis of the controversy surrounding the death of a Native child in Alert Bay, B.C.


$29.95 | 280 pages | Pub. Date: 1987
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 1 D inches
Non-Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: MED050000
ISBN 13: 9780889222465 | Rights: WORLD

An Honest WomanFront Cover
An Honest Woman
By Jonina Kirton

Short-listed 2018 BC Book Prize: Dorothy Livesay Poetry Prize

An Honest Woman by Jónína Kirton confronts us with beauty and ugliness in the wholesome riot that is sex, love, and marriage. From the perspective of a mixed-race woman, Kirton engages with Simone de Beauvoir and Donald Trump to unravel the norms of femininity and sexuality that continue to adhere…


$16.95 | 104 pages | Pub. Date: 2017
6 W × 9 H × 1 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE015000
ISBN 13: 9781772011449 | Rights: WORLD

Anarcho-ModernismFront Cover
Anarcho-Modernism
Edited by Ian Angus

Essays exploring key issues of politics and aesthetics in honour of the founding director of the Institute for the Humanities at Simon Fraser University.


$29.95 | 512 pages | Pub. Date: 2001
7.00 W × 10.00 H × 1 D inches
Non-Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: LIT006000
ISBN 13: 9780889224575 | Rights: WORLD

Anatolia JunctionFront Cover
Anatolia Junction
By Fred A. Reed

As Fred A. Reed travels through the Middle East, the Balkans and Asia Minor, he concludes that Turkey’s Islamists are reappropriating the culture and beliefs that 70 years of secular fundamentalism have been unable to eradicate.


$18.95 | 320 pages | Pub. Date: 1999
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 1 D inches
Non-Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: TRV012000
ISBN 13: 9780889224261 | Rights: WORLD

And Other StoriesFront Cover
And Other Stories
Edited by George Bowering

Taking the theme of postmodernity one step further with 23 short stories edited by Canada’s first poet laureate: Alexis, Arnason, Atwood, Blaise, Bowering, Burnham, Cohen, Dorsey, Elliot, Farrant, Fawcett, Findley, Goto, Fraser, King, Laferrière, Mayr, Rooke, Schoemperlen, Thomas, Verdecchia and Watson.


$24.95 | 320 pages | Pub. Date: 2001
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 1 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC003000
ISBN 13: 9780889224513 | Rights: WORLD

And Slowly BeautyFront Cover
And Slowly Beauty
By Michel Nadeau
Translated by Maureen Labonté

Short-listed 2014 Governor General’s Literary Award for Translation

Everything changes on what begins as a typical day in the life of the aptly named Mr. Mann, a forty-eight-year-old, buttoned-down, middle management type in a pinstriped grey suit, who feels himself losing touch with his job, his wife, his children, and the rest of his urban life. He wins tickets to a production of Chekhov’s Three Sisters and realizes that the mid-life cocoon he has spun around himself is beginning to unwind.


$18.95 | 144 pages | Pub. Date: 2013
8.5 W × 5.5 H × 1 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889227866 | Rights: WORLD

And So It GoesFront Cover
And So It Goes
By George F. Walker

Gwen and Ned lose their former middle-class lifestyle as they attempt to comprehend the murder of their schizophrenic daughter Karen, even seeking solace in the wry musings of the ghost of Kurt Vonnegut.


$17.95 | 127 pages | Pub. Date: 2011
5.50 W × 8.50 H × 0.4 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889226548 | Rights: WORLD

AnimaFront Cover
Anima
By Wajdi Mouawad
Translated by Linda Gaboriau

Winner 2013 Prix Méditerranée

Winner 2013 Prix du deuxieme roman

Winner 2012 Grand Prix Thyde Monnier

This award-winning novel by playwright Wajdi Mouawad is a thriller and a road novel – written in the North African storytelling tradition in which events unfold from an animal point of view.


$19.95 | 368 pages | Pub. Date: 2017
5.5 W × 8.5 H × 1.25 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC019000
ISBN 13: 9781772010039 | Rights: WORLD

Annihilated TimeFront Cover
Annihilated Time
By Jeff Derksen

Essays that explore the ways in which poetry, visual art and critical practices encounter “the long present neoliberal moment” of the imperialist agenda of globalization.


$29.95 | 304 pages | Pub. Date: 2009 | Edition # 1
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.75 D inches
Non-Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: LIT014000
ISBN 13: 9780889226128 | Rights: WORLD

Another Country / bloomFront Cover
Another Country / bloom
By Guillermo Verdecchia

Two plays, on Argentina’s Dirty War of 1976–83, and on hope flowering in the midst of destruction, constitute an unsparing interrogation of a world perpetually at war.


$17.95 | 144 pages | Pub. Date: 2007
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.45 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE011000
ISBN 13: 9780889225701 | Rights: WORLD

Another Home InvasionFront Cover
Another Home Invasion
By Joan MacLeod

Short-listed 2009 Governor General’s Literary Award for Drama

This perceptively poignant Governor General’s Award-nominated play by Siminovitch Prize Winner MacLeod involves the hapless, substance-abusing, middle-aged petty criminal we expect to encounter, but is he the real threat to the elderly couple: who is it that’s robbing them of their possessions, their security, their relationship, their family—their home?


$16.95 | 64 pages | Pub. Date: 2009 | Edition # 1
5.50 W × 8.50 H × 0.2 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889226227 | Rights: WORLD

Around HerFront Cover
Around Her
By Sophie Bienvenu
Translated by Rhonda Mullins

Heartily sincere, human, and compassionate, Around Her is a multifaceted novel that explores, through the words and reflections of a large community of characters, the bonds that unite us, and love in all of its manifestations – the love that one finds, that one loses, destroys, desires, or recovers.In the…


$19.95 | 160 pages | Pub. Date: 2018
5.5 W × 8.5 H × 1 D inches
Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: FIC019000
ISBN 13: 9781772012095 | Rights: WORLD

As AlwaysFront Cover
As Always
By Madeleine Gagnon
Translated by Phyllis Aronoff & Howard Scott

Short-listed 2015 Cole Foundation Prize for Translation (Quebec Writers’ Federation Awards)

One of Canada’s greatest literary figures reflects on life at the centre of Quebec literary arts. Re-examining the influences of her early life in a large, rural Catholic family, Madeleine Gagnon not only explores her rejection of unexamined values as part of her intellectual development but also her refusal to be categorized by her gender.


$22.95 | 232 pages | Pub. Date: 2015
5.5 W × 8.5 H × 1 D inches
Non-Fiction | Backlist | Bisac: BIO007000
ISBN 13: 9780889228962 | Rights: WORLD

Asian SkiesFront Cover
Asian Skies
By Ken Norris

Composed like a dark novel-in-verse, Asian Skies is the unsettling story of the deficiencies of love that have produced our commodified and globalized world—a perhaps not-so-divine comedy of those who don’t love enough—steeped in a clash of cultures wherein the third world seems willingly, even perversely, to offer itself up as a simulacrum of the first, while its otherness remains hidden, inaccessible.


$17.95 | 128 pages | Pub. Date: 2010 | Edition # 1
6.00 W × 9.00 H × .35 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE011000
ISBN 13: 9780889226333 | Rights: WORLD

Assembling the MorrowFront Cover
Assembling the Morrow
By Sandra Huber

Even though we spend a third of our lives asleep, the behaviour remains largely a mystery. Sandra Huber’s first book, Assembling the Morrow: A Poetics of Sleep, assumes that any attempt to solve this mystery requires new modes of experimentation. What happens when the line of a Berger’s wave (an electroencephalography recording of brainwaves in sleep) turns into a line of poetry, an act of focused consciousness?


$24.95 | 128 pages | Pub. Date: 2014
9 W × 5.5 H × 1 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE011000
ISBN 13: 9780889229105 | Rights: WORLD

Assorted Candies for the TheatreFront Cover
Assorted Candies for the Theatre
By Michel Tremblay
Translated by Linda Gaboriau

An exquisite remembrance of childhood past in Montreal’s Plateau Mont-Royal neighbourhood, adapted and re-crafted to the stage. Cast of 3 women and 4 men.


$15.95 | 96 pages | Pub. Date: 2007
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.30000000000000004 D inches
Drama | Backlist | Bisac: DRA013000
ISBN 13: 9780889225725 | Rights: WORLD

AuroraFront Cover
Aurora
By Sharon Thesen

Sharon Thesen’s poems express the pleasure and magic of a language fully engaging the world, rewarding the reader with daily moments transformed into visions of grace.


$15.95 | 80 pages | Pub. Date: 1995
6.00 W × 9.00 H × 0.25 D inches
Poetry | Backlist | Bisac: POE011000
ISBN 13: 9780889104716 | Rights: WORLD